Word of the Day: Rooting

#WOTD (5)

Rooting refers to the process of giving root access to subsystems of the Android mobile operating system on Android-based mobile devices like smartphones and tablets.

Specifically, rooting an Android mobile device involves adding aLinux application called “su,” which stands for SuperUser, that allows applications and commands on the device to run with elevated permissions. With the Android mobile OS utilizing the Linux kernel at its core, rooting an Android mobile device gives similar but more restricted access as on Linux operating systems.

Examples of actions a user can perform on a rooted device include running applications with administrator-level permissions, changing restricted system settings and applications, setting up wireless tethering, customizing the look of the device, and removing and replacing the device’s operating system with a newer or different mobile OS.

– definition from Webopedia

Word of the Day: Pharming

#WOTD (4)

Similar in nature to email phishing, pharming seeks to obtain personal or private (usually financial related) information through domain spoofing. Rather than being spammed with malicious and mischievous e-mail requests for you to visit spoof Web sites which appear legitimate, pharming ‘poisons’ a DNS server by infusing false information into the DNS server, resulting in a user’s request being redirected elsewhere. Your browser, however will show you are at the correct Web site, which makes pharming a bit more serious and more difficult to detect.

Phishing attempts to scam people one at a time with an e-mail while pharming allows the scammers to target large groups of people at one time through domain spoofing.

– definition for Webopedia

Word of the Day: Phishing

(fish´ing) (n.) The act of sending an email to a user falsely claiming to be an established legitimate enterprise in an attempt to scam the user into surrendering private information that will be used for identity theft.

#WOTD (3)

Phishing email will typically direct the user to visit a website where they are asked to update personal information, such as a password, credit card, social security, or bank account numbers, that the legitimate organization already has. The website, however, is bogus and will capture and steal any information the user enters on the page.

– definition from Webopedia

Word of the Day – Virtualization

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In computing, virtualization means to create a virtual version of a device or resource, such as a server, storage device, network or even an operating system where the framework divides the resource into one or more execution environments. Even something as simple as partitioning a hard drive is considered virtualization because you take one drive and partition it to create two separate hard drives. Devices, applications and human users are able to interact with the virtual resource as if it were a real single logical resource. The term virtualization has become somewhat of a buzzword, and as a result, the term is now associated with a number of computing technologies including the following:

  • storage virtualization: the amalgamation of multiple network storage devices into what appears to be a single storage unit.
  • server virtualization: the partitioning a physical server into smaller virtual servers.
  • operating system-level virtualization: a type of server virtualization technology which works at the operating system (kernel) layer.
  • network virtualization: using network resources through a logical segmentation of a single physical network.
  • application virtualization

– definition from Webopedia

 

Word of the Day: Stagefright

#WOTD (2)

 

Stagefright refers to various security bugs that target a library of code within the Android mobile operating system. The libstagefright media library is a common element in Android versions 2.2 and higher, and flaws within the library tend to be integer overflows that can lead to potentially exploitable memory buffer overflowconditions.

The Stagefright Android exploit was discovered by the security firm Zimperium, which first publicly reported the exploit on July 21, 2015. The following month Google committed to releasing a new monthly update cycle for the Android operating system at the Black Hat USA conference.

Google issued the first monthly update for an initial batch of Stagefright-related bugs in August, 2015, followed by another patch released in October to address a second bundle of bugs dubbed Stagefright 2.0.

– definition from Webopedia

 

Word of the Day – ILM – identity lifecycle management

Identity Lifecycle Management, or ILM, is a buzz phrase that refers to a collection of technologies and business processes utilized in creating, managing, coordinating and restricting the identification, access and governance of identities for access to business tools and information.

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It encompasses the entire span of an employee’s need to access critical business data, apps and tools in order to effectively perform their tasks and accomplish business objectives. It entails ensuring employees have access at various times and locations while logging, monitoring and restricting access when necessary to increase security and protect the enterprise’s mission-critical data.

– definition from Webopedia

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